How to Letter – Ascender, Descender, Counter, and Exit Stroke

If you’re interested in learning how to letter, you probably know that the lettering alphabet is a standardized set of written symbols that represent the phonemes of spoken languages. In a nutshell, this is the order in which letters are arranged to form words. There are four basic types of strokes: Ascender, Descender, Counter, and Exit Stroke. But do you know which stroke to use for which type of letters?


The Ascender alphabet is a type of typography in which each letter has a different stroke. The stroke is elevated above the baseline and is called an “ascender.” Various fonts include ascenders and descenders. These are important concepts to understand in typography. Let’s look at a few examples. Below are some examples of fonts with ascenders. The following list is not exhaustive. It is important to know the difference between ascender and descender fonts before you purchase one for your needs.


A descender is a part of a letter that extends below the baseline of the character. Most letters with a descender are lowercase, but capital letters may also have them. Capital letters often have a tail or loop, while the letter g has a descender that is referred to as a loop. While a descender is the opposite of an overshoot, it can sometimes be useful in certain circumstances.


The counter lettering alphabet is the result of the concept of rounded, enclosed negative space within a letter. Letters that have counters are A, B, D, e, g, o, and s. Some letters have two counters while others have just one. As a result, each counter is unique and affects readability. Counter lettering alphabets are commonly used in logotypes, business cards, and in the design of letters and numbers.

Exit Stroke

The entry stroke and exit stroke are both basic strokes in lettering. For some letters, the entry stroke comes after the last stroke. Others have an entry and exit stroke that connect to the previous letter. Which type you choose will depend on the type of letter you are creating. Some letters use the overturn stroke to introduce the lowercase n or m. The exit stroke, on the other hand, connects the current letter to the next letter. Both strokes work together to complete a word.

Meanings of letters

There are two schools of thought when it comes to the meanings of letters. One school believes that letters have a specific spiritual meaning based on their frequency and vibration. The other school focuses on the physical meanings of letters, which is based on the alphabet. The latter, also known as esoteric, refers to the metaphysical attributes of the letters. For example, the letter K, the eleventh letter in the alphabet, has a specific meaning, as its root number is 1 plus one. Similarly, the letter J has a particular meaning based on its root number.

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